It is one of the states of India, situated in the extreme northeastern part of the country. On the west of it lays Bhutan, on the west lies Tibet an autonomous region of China. It is bounded by Indian states of Nagaland to the south and states of Assam to the south. Itanagar is capital of the state.
Meaning of Arunachal Pradesh is “Land of rising sun”. The state has its significance since literature of Kalika Purana and epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana. It was the very place where sage Parashuram washed away his sins and sage Vyasa meditated and lord Krishana married to Rukmani. It became Indian union territory of Arunachal Pradesh in 1972; before that it was known as North East Frontier Agency and finally in the year of 1987, it became full fledge Indian state. It is wildest and least explored state and a land of dispute between India and China.
It is a home to 26 indigenous tribes, from strong Monpas of Tawang to the artistic Apatanis of Ziro. Arunachal Pradesh can be the last sanctuary for county’s natural and anthropological heritage.
Arunachal Pradesh Languages:
Arunachal Pradesh has the honor of being the linguistically richest and most diverse regions in all over Asia. It is estimated that probably 50 diverse languages and countless dialects and spoken widely over here. Majority of the languages resemble to the Tibeto- Burman language family.
Arunachal Pradesh Demographics:
Arunachal Pradesh can be divided into many spheres on the basis of languages, religion, and culture: Naga area, Mishmi area, Tani area, Tibetic area, Tai area and Aka area. People of these areas speak mixed languages also.
Arunachal Pradesh Flora and fauna:
Nearly two third of the state is covered with rainforests along the foothills. At lower slopes are found generally forests of tropical green and subtropical pines and upper elevation is abundant in coniferous temperate forests. On the other hand, animals like tiger, leopards, elephants many species of deer and goral goats are among most common ones. Apart from these, forests here are home of red pandas and rare musk deer and many varieties of snakes plenty of fish and innumerable spies of birds.
People of Arunachal Pradesh:
In the state two third of the people fall in the category of Schedule Tribe a term referred to indigenous people who are not among prevailing Indian social structure and resemble to people of Tibet and Myanmar areas who are of Asiatic origin. Central region is occupied by largest tribal group called Nishi. Apart from tribal people, rest of the population consists of immigrants from Bangladesh, Assam, Nagaland and other parts of India.
Occupation: Majority of the people of the state is engaged in agriculture but surprisingly considerably less area is under cultivation. Wet rice is their main crop.
Industries: There are only small scales or medium scale industries and handicraft mainly for making weaving, carpets and basketry are also prevalent there. Apart from this, silk production, steel fabrication and manufacturing of forest based products are very common.
Constitutional structure: It has same constituents unit as in the other parts of India. The state does not have high court of its own so, it falls under the jurisdiction of the high court in Guwahati, Assam.
Health and water supply: Arunachal Pradesh being a rural area mainly hinders the expansion of health services and water supply. Still most of the areas are dotted with hospitals and small health centers all over.
Education: Though there are innumerable schools and colleges, the literacy rate of Arunachal Pradesh continued to be among the lowest in the country. In 1984, Arunachal University was founded at Itanagar.
Culture: Tribal groups of the state are popular for their distinctive garments and headdress. Hand woven things are the main attractions.
Arunachal Pradesh Tourist Destinations:
Tucked away in the north eastern tip of India, Andhra Pradesh encompasses many tourist destinations because of its picturesque beauty, unexplored passes, stunning valleys and calm lakes. There are some worth visiting monasteries and old culture and heritage.
Tawang: it is the place which apart from being rich in natural beauty has 400-year-old Tawang Monastery which is believed to the one of the largest monastery of the India. It is just 350 km from Tezpur, Assam. It is situated at 1000 feet above sea level. One can enjoy delicious food and rich culture of the place. Place remains covered with snow during winters. The 6th Dalai Lama was born in Tawang and monasteries here are called Gompas. Most of the people in Tawang follow Buddhism. Here sky is clear blue and water is pure.
Bomdila: It is a kind of stop on the way to Tawng. Tourists here stay at night and resume their journey early in the morning. It is a small town with few shops and hotels. Snow covered Himalayan mountain range welcome tourists here with cool breeze and tranquil atmosphere. The place is also famous for apple orchards and local crafts.
Roing: Located in Lower Dilbang Valley, Roing attracts tourist because of it has to offer natural beauty, archeological attractions and adventurous sports. The place is dotted with many waterfalls and beautiful lakes which is a perfect feast for the eyes. It is place which offers you complete solitude from your hectic schedule. It is situated in Lower Dibang Valley. Here, River Dibang flows through the heart of the city and mingles with Brahmaputra. Here one can find Bhishmaknagar Fort, Mehao Wildlife sanctuary and Nehru Van Udyan.
Itanagar: It is most visited place in Arunachal Pradesh as it is the capital of the state. Main attractions among other s are: Wildlife Sanctuary, Ganga Lake, Polo Park and Itanagar Fort and many more. The sanctuary is spread over wide area and it has many species at display including Himalayan Black bear, Porcupines, goral and langur. Innumerable varieties of species of birds are also present here. It is bounded by green forests and orchids. The most distinguishing features to witness are rich culture, tribal heritage and diversity in almost everything. Jawahar Lal Museum and legendry Ganga Lake are worth visiting.
Ziro: it is declared world heritage site where one can enjoy visit to Talley Valley, fish farm and Wild Life Sanctuary. Main attraction of the place are pine bamboo groves. It is basically an old fashioned town in Arunachal Pradesh. It is home to Apa Tani tribe which is not nomadic in nature and rare in existence. They were popular for their facial tattoo, banned recently by government. People mainly cultivate rice and fish.
Bhalukpong: Main attractions of the place are the hills that surround Bhalukpong that offers numerous opportunities to the adventure lovers like trekking, river rafting and hiking. Apart from this, Kaziranga National Park and Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary are also must visit place for everyone.
Pasighat: located on the bank of River Sian Pasighat is also called gateway to Arunachal Pradesh. The place is abundance in natural beauty and tranquil ambience. River Brahmaputra flows here that enhances the beauty of the place. Prime attractions of the place are Pangin and Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary which remains beamed up with tourists throughout the year.
Arunachal Pradesh Namdapha National Park:
One and the only National Park in the country where all the four the felines (tiger, the leopard, the snow leopard and clouded leopard) are found. This park is 15th Tiger Reserve of the country. It also houses large varieties of reptiles, Bison, Sambar and bear. It is also hub of medicinal plants and many rare species of herbs.
Anini: this is a beach which increases your adrenalin rush and perfect place to rejuvenate mind and soul. The beach is near to the Kamani trees. One can indulge oneself in many activities of recreation. Being situated at an altitude of 1968, Anini town remains covered with fog and mist throughout the year. It is headquarter of Dibang Valley District. It witnesses moderate climate throughout the year.
Mechuka: Having location near Indo-Tibet boarder, provides amazing view during winters as the snow clad mountains along with fascinating beauty of the location leave tourists spell bound. Mechuka lake attracts the tourists as it is situated at an high altitude and one of the oldest Monastery of the area is Samtem Yongcha.
Daporijo: It is a small town still captivating for some of its attractions. It is headquarters if Upper Subansiri district. Bridges over Subansiri River are worth watching as they are made of bamboo and cane a fine example of tribal craftsmanship. The river also provides facilities of river rafting angling and picnic.
Miao: It is small town and worth visiting is mini zoo where some rare species of animals are housed. A forest museum here provides information related to forest resources. Wildlife library is educational information as there is a good collection of books and old records.
New Industrial Policies of Arunachal Pradesh:
The new policy named “the new Policy of Arunachal Pradesh’ has been launched with the aim of increasing industrial activities in the state. The policies will strengthen the employment opportunities in the state. Investors from outside the state will be encouraged to run and invest in the state. Outside entrepreneur will get more facilities and relaxation in Arunachal Pradesh.
Arunachal Pradesh Administrative Measures:
There have been consistent bids for improvement of social economic status of the state. For that State Level Empowered committee has been constituted. Sectors like Handlooms, Handicraft products of cane and bamboo are also getting encouragement from government. The focus is on the revival of sick and weak industries of the area. Women empowerment is also one of the concerns here.
Page Title: Arunachal Pradesh is “Land of rising sun”.
Tags: Demographics, Flora and fauna, People of Arunachal Pradesh, Industries, Constitutional structure, Health and water supply, Tourist Destinations of Andhra Pradesh
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