Package of Practices For Floriculture & Landscaping Gladiolus Is A Commercial Crop

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In these days of increased pollution, floriculture and landscaping hold promise as eco-friendly, high profit futuristic industry. In himachal Pradesh, floriculture and landscaping are becoming fast growing commercial enterprises. The climate of our state is quite congenial for the production of gladiolus, carnation, Chrysanthemum, Marigold, Tuberose, Aster and various bulbous flowers which can fetch high prices in big cities especially during the off season.

The commercial production of cut flowers in the state has steadily picked up with ample of technology generated by this department and at present about 913 hectares of area is under commercial flower cultivation. With the recent changes in the govt. policy, floriculture should attract more talent and capital to develop this industry for gearing it to the export market.

Special Gladiolus Floriculture gardening Tools Available online

Links: Gladiolus Floriculture Sharp Cutter Pruners Scissor
Links: Gladiolus Floriculture Garden Tool Wooden Handle
Links: Gladiolus Floriculture Garden Spectacular and Economical Gardening Tools Set
Links: Gladiolus Floriculture Reusable Rubber Gloves, Flower Cutter
Links: Gladiolus Floriculture Kraft Seeds Garden Tools

 

Other fields for commercial exploitation include production of flowers, seeds, rooted cuttings, pot plants and landscape nursery plants as well as production of micro propagated ornamental plants. Providing landscape consultancy for residential industrial public areas also needs to be encouraged for boosting up the tourist industry in the state and for general aesthetic improvement of the environment.

Gladiolus Is A Commercial Crop

Gladiolus is a commercial crop and can be grown in varying climatic conditions. The cultivation of gladiolus is important in himachal pradesh as it becomes an off season crop in the mid and high hills of the state. It is being grown commercially almost in all district of the state on an area of 101 hectares with maximum area being in district sirmour 63.14 hectares.

Climate of Gladiolus

Gladiolus can be grown upto an altitude of 2500 M amsl and in plains also. This crop likes sunny situations and an average temperature 15 C-20 C is necessary for proper growth of the plant.

Soil For Gladiolus

it prefers sandy loam soils for its cultivation. The PH value of soil should be 5-5 to 6.5 proper facilities for water drainage is must

Cultivars

Colour Cultivars
Yellow Aldebaron, Jester, Nova Lux, Top Brass, Topaz, Vink’s Glory
White Amercian White, White Friendship, White Prosperity
Pink Friendship Pink, Suchitra, Spic & Span
Red Amercian Beauty, Oscar, Red Majesty, Solan Mangla
Purple Blue Lilac, Red Beauty, Interpid, Trader Horn, Mayur, Marvellous

Planting And Flowering Time

Planting Time Flowering Time
Low Hills July-Aug, Sept-Oct Nov-March
Mid Hills Feb-March, May May-Oct
High Hills April-May July-Nov

 

Planting density sq m: 25X15 CM 1M wide beds, 0.75 M Wide path for intensive cultivation.

Planting Depth: Plant the corms of size 4 cm and above, 8 cm deep in soil. planting depth should be slightly shallower on heavy soils than on lighter soils.

Propagation: planting stoc by cormels, flowering stock by corm size 4 cm & above

Cultural Practices Manures And Fertilizers: Fertilizer basal dose per square meter bed area

FYM 5KG
N 30 G 13.8 G Urea
P2O5 30 G 4.8 G SSP
K2O 20 G 18.0 G MOP

Also apply 30 G N/M2 at 6 Leaves stage

Earthing

When plants attain a height of about 30 CM, they should be earthed up and process repeated after 2-3 weeks to get a final height of 15 cm and staking should be done after spike emergence or when required.

Weeding: Hand weeding, once in a fortnight is essential for a healthy crop. off season flowering.

Off season flowers of Gladiolus cvs. White friendship and suchitra can be produced under mid hill conditions successfully by planting them in October November under Polyhouse which produce quality flowers in February-March.

Irrigation

i) Sept 15th to March 30th Twice a week

ii) April 1st to June 30th Thrice a week

iii) July 1st to Sept 15th Once in 15 days depending upon weather

Harvesting

For distant markets spikes should be cut at tight bud stage with two to three leaves remaining on the stem when the lowest bud shows colour. For local market, cut the spike when lower flower has started opening. Harvest the spikes during morning or evening hours.

Grading

International HP State
Grade Spike Length CM Min. Number of Florets Grade No. of Flowers Spike
Fancy >107 16 Exhibition 14 And above
Special 96 to 107 15 Standard 11 to 13
Standard 81 to 96 12 Commercial 8 to 10
Utility <81 10 Utility Less than 8

 

Gladiolus Floriculture & Landscaping Gardening Tools: 

*Gladiolus Floriculture Impressive, Attractive and Economic Gardening Tools Kit

*Gladiolus Floriculture Kraft Seeds Garden Scissor Trowel Fork Cutter

*Gladiolus Floriculture Truphe Garden Tool Set of 8 Pieces

*Gladiolus Floriculture Gardening Plastic Watering Can 5 Liter

*Gladiolus Floriculture Kisan Kraft KK-MSP-6180 Plastic Water Can

Presently, only two grades are popular in the market.

A. Above 9 Florets/Spike

B. Less than 9 Florets/Spike

Packaging

Cut flowers in a bunch of ten spikes are packed without water in box made of cardboard which measures 33x33x120 cm. Tube light boxes or gunny bags can also be used.

Harvesting of Corms

Corms are harvested when leaves start drying. They are well dried in shade, packed in plastic crates or gunny bags with proper aeration and stored in a cold store at 5-10 C.

Yield of Flowers 24 Spikes M2
Yield of Corms 24 Corms M2
Cormels 1-1.2 Kg M2

 

Plant Protection Tools

Gladiolus Flower Planting Protection Tools Gladiolus Floriculture Manual Sprayer 1 Litre
Gladiolus Flower Planting Protection Tools → Gladiolus Floriculture 5-Litre Plastic Manual Sprayer
Gladiolus Flower Planting Protection Tools Gladiolus Floriculture 1. 5 Litre Handheld Garden Spray
Gladiolus Flower Planting Protection Tools Gladiolus Floriculture Garden Plastic Pressure Sprayer Pump
Gladiolus Flower Planting Protection Tools Gladiolus Floriculture Garden Pressure Sprayer Pump 1.5 Liters

Diseases

  1. Fusarium Yellows and Corm rot Fusarium Oxysporum fsp. Gladioli: Roots may show discrete brown lesions or a general rotting, leaf infection is basal and associated with corm rot. leaf yellowing, starting with oldest leaves, is seen occasionally. corm rot in the field is soft, invaded by other organisms and is associated with brown wiry roots. In storage, rotting may begin anywhere on corm surface, but most spots are found at base next to the core by scrapping the corms, browning can be seen.

Control: Use disease free corm stock and provide good ventilation in storage.

2. Grey Mould Botrytis Cinerea: On leaves, large oval to round, brown spots appear. spots occur on flowers and stems also. At first the spots are pale brown and then become dark. A soft, brown rotting at the base of florets may develop after rainfall. In a moist, cool atmosphere, the whole flower becomes covered with brownish grey growth of the fungal spores.

Control: 1. Remove old flowers spikes and destroy. 2. give hot water treatment to corms by dipping them in water at 52 c for half an hour before planting.

अगर आपको यह जानकारी पसंद आयी तो इसे अपने दोस्तों के साथ शेयर करें

आप हमें हमारे ऑफिसियल प्रोफाइल सोशल साइट्स पर भी फॉलो कर सकते हैं जैसे कि

*आल ओवर इंडिया के ऑफिसियल पेज पर लाइक करें

*ट्विटर पर फॉलो कर सकते हैं

*आप हमें पिंटरेस्ट पर फॉलो कर सकते हैं

*आप हमें लिंक्डइन पर फॉलो कर सकते हैं

*आप हमें टम्ब्लर पर फॉलो कर सकते हैं

*आप हमें यूट्यूब पर फॉलो कर सकते हैं

*आप हमें इंस्टाग्राम पर फॉलो कर सकते हैं

Floriculture और Landscaping के लिए टूल्स ऑनलाइन खरीद सकते हैं 

*Gladiolus Floriculture Truphe Gardening Tools Set Kit of 8 available Online

*Gladiolus Floriculture Kraft Seeds Gate Garden

*Gladiolus Floriculture Gardening Cut Tools Truphe Garden Scissor, Garden Pruner, Garden Cutter

*Gladiolus Floriculture Unique Garden Tool Kit Visko Tools 601 5 Piece 

Floriculture और Landscaping के अन्य Important Knowledge पाने के लिए निचे लिंक्स दिए गए हैं

*Alstroemeria Cultivars, Propagation And Requirement of Environmental And Agronomic

*Package of Practices For Floriculture & Landscaping Gladiolus Is A Commercial Crop

*Carnation Required Climate, Cultivars, Propagation, Fertilizer, Deshooting, And Flower Harvesting Technique